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HOSE AS 0876629 - Caterpillar



0876629 HOSE AS Caterpillar parts HOSE
Rating:
61
Alternative (cross code) number:
CA0876629
087-6629
0876629
Caterpillar 0876629 HOSE AS

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Turbocharger
Illustration 3 g00302786
Typical example of a cross section of a turbocharger
(1) Air intake
(2) Compressor housing
(3) Compressor wheel
(4) Bearing
(5) Oil inlet port
(6) Bearing
(7) Turbine housing
(8) Turbine wheel
(9) Exhaust outlet
(10) Oil outlet port
(11) Exhaust inlet The turbocharger is mounted on the outlet of the exhaust manifold. The exhaust gas from the exhaust manifold enters the exhaust inlet (11) and passes through the turbine housing (7) of the turbocharger. Energy from the exhaust gas causes the turbine wheel (8) to rotate. The turbine wheel is connected by a shaft to the compressor wheel (3).As the turbine wheel rotates, the compressor wheel is rotated. The rotation of the compressor wheel causes the intake air to be pressurized through the compressor housing (2) of the turbocharger.
Illustration 4 g02720975
Typical example
(12) Line (boost pressure)
(13) Wastegate actuator
(14) Actuating lever
Illustration 5 g02720981
Typical example
(15) Wastegate regulator When the load on the engine increases, more fuel is injected into the cylinders. The combustion of this additional fuel produces more exhaust gases. The additional exhaust gases cause the turbine and the compressor wheels of the turbocharger to turn faster. As the compressor wheel turns faster, air is compressed to a higher pressure and more air is forced into the cylinders. The increased flow of air into the cylinders allows the fuel to be burnt with greater efficiency. The more efficient burning of fuel produces more power.A wastegate is installed on the turbine housing of the turbocharger. The wastegate is a valve that allows exhaust gas to bypass the turbine wheel of the turbocharger. The operation of the wastegate is dependent on the pressurized air (boost pressure) from the turbocharger compressor. The boost pressure acts on a diaphragm. The diaphragm is spring loaded in the wastegate actuator which varies the amount of exhaust gas that flows into the turbine.The wastegate regulator (15) is controlled by the engine electronic control module (ECM). The ECM uses inputs from a number of engine sensors to determine the optimum boost pressure. This will achieve the best exhaust emissions and fuel consumption at any given engine operating condition. The ECM controls the wastegate regulator, that regulates the boost pressure to the wastegate actuator.When high boost pressure is needed for the engine performance, a signal is sent from the ECM to the wastegate regulator. This causes high pressure in the inlet manifold to act on the diaphragm within the wastegate actuator (13). The actuating rod (14) acts upon the actuating lever to close the valve in the wastegate. When the valve in the wastegate is closed, more exhaust gas is able to pass over the turbine wheel. This results in an increase in the speed of the turbocharger.When low boost pressure is needed for the engine performance, a signal is sent from the ECM to the wastegate regulator. This causes high pressure in the air inlet pipe (12) to act on the diaphragm within the wastegate actuator (13). The actuating rod (14) acts upon the actuating lever to open the valve in the wastegate. When the valve in the wastegate


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